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The return of slavery in Libya. Today Libya is, alas, still a breeding ground for slavery. The migration crisis has multiplied opportunities for smugglers to reduce many migrants to the “status” of slaves. They are often kidnapped, physically abused by long working hours, but also sexually abused by traffickers of women and creacora.deted Reading Time: 9 mins. Libyans and migrants are still being detained in appalling conditions and sold in open slave creacora.deted Reading Time: 3 mins. Main article: Barbary slave trade. It is estimated that between 1 million and million Europeans were captured by pirates and sold as slaves between the 16th and 19th century. Reports of Barbary raids and kidnappings of those in Italy, France, Iberia, England, Ireland, Scotland and Estimated Reading Time: 10 mins. In lawless Libya, many see the slave trade and smuggling as a lucrative industry. Tackling the country’s humanitarian crisis will require international assistance.
For them, the factional warfare and endemic lawlessness is only an opportunity for schadenfreude — taking glee in the misfortune of others. They were uninterested in loaning support to or even recognizing the existence of progressive elements during the Libyan revolution, and they continue to be thusly uninterested today. The Libyan human rights groups that are documenting war crimes by the profusion of militias and foreign powers, the women and ethnic minorities fighting for their rights —all safely invisible to stateside commentators of the left, right and center.
For the schadenfreude crew, the Libyans are not actors in their own drama, but pawns to be exploited for propaganda against Obama and Hillary Clinton tellingly hated by left and right alike. That many of these commentators consider themselves anti-imperialist is high irony, as they have completely internalized the imperial narcissism that makes the Libyans and their struggles and aspirations completely invisible, and turns them into objects for use in political contests within the imperial metropole.
Currently getting lots of play is a Newsweek interview with wonk Alan J. He made paleocon noises during the Darfur genocide , blaming the victims for provoking the Sudanese regime and calling on the West to give Khartoum a free hand. You can practically hear the longing in his voice for worse things than the slave trade to be going on, to give him more ammo to use against Obama and Clinton. But, yet again, his comment assumes, first, that it was the US that overthrew Qaddafi, not the Libyans who rose up against him.
And secondly, that the alternative was going back to a stable dictatorship under Qaddafi—which was clearly not possible; his autocratic rule had reached the breaking point. But Libyan contexts are invisible to imperial narcissists like Kuperman. Even more to the point… It is Moammar Qaddafi who is first and foremost to blame for the current social collapse in Libya.
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The world was shocked when news of slave markets in Libya broke four years ago, but since then cases of modern slavery, slave trade and slave auctions in Libya have evolved considerably. And they are all linked back to migrant detention centers and the money and power fueling their existence. Amnesty International , Human Rights Watch, and the United Nations have all documented major human rights violations and clear cases of modern slavery in these facilities.
The Libyan Coastguard — supported generously by funding from the European Union. In a bid to prevent refugees and migrants from reaching the shores of Europe, the Libyan Coastguard has increased its interception of boats in the Mediterranean Sea, returning those on board to Libya and locking them up in migrant detention centers.
We know racism within Libya is contributing to the problem as well; black and dark-skinned refugees and migrants from Sub-Saharan African are the majority of those trafficked and subjected to forced labor. So many people were sick with TB, some died in my arms. She and her husband fled Islamist al-Shabab militants in Somalia in but ended up in the hands of human traffickers in Libya.
When they managed to escape their traffickers, the couple boarded an inflatable boat, hoping to cross the Mediterranean. But when their boat ran out of fuel it was the Libyan Coastguard that forcibly took them to Tripoli, locking them up in the Triq al-Sikka Detention Center. Running out of hope that they would be freed, her husband set himself on fire, burning to death.
And that starts with putting pressure on the EU. Telling the EU to put human lives before inhume immigration policies that are sending refugees and migrants back into danger in Libya. Your signature tells the EU that it can no longer be complicit in allowing modern slavery to persist in Libya.
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SEATTLE, Washington — The significant power vacuum that resulted from the overthrow of Gaddafi plunged the country into an era of instability and lawlessness. The establishment of militias and gangs across the country developed a network of human trafficking and illegal migration flows from sub-Saharan Africa to Europe. Today, Libya extensively contributes to the migration crisis, serving as a migration hub towards Europe.
It also fosters trade in human cargo, in other words, slavery. Slavery and human trafficking in Libya have become a serious threat. After overthrowing Gaddafi, Europe was occupied trying to confine the flux of migrants departing from Libya. It failed to oversee the undertaking of the reconstruction of the country or help fill the power vacuum.
Ironically, this vacuum led to the development of armed militias and gangs that established Libyan ports as the main passing point for illegal migration towards Europe. In fact, , of sub-Saharan African migrants who arrived in Europe passed through Libya in As of , there were at least , migrants in Libya who were hoping to cross to Europe. Consequently, during the first three months of , there was a 17 percent decrease of migrants crossing to Europe from Libya than in This deal was extremely controversial taking into account that migrants who were intercepted while crossing the Mediterranean sea were sent back to Libya and often put into overcrowded detention centers.
This raised alarming concerns about their treatment and rights.
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The footage and subsequent investigation conducted by CNN last month has rallied European and African leaders to take action to stop the abuses. On Wednesday, the leaders of Libya, France, Germany, Chad and Niger and four other countries agreed on a plan to evacuate thousands of migrants stuck in Libyan detention camps. The grainy undercover video appears to show smugglers selling off a dozen men outside of the capital city Tripoli.
The report has drawn attention to an issue that aid and migrant groups say has gone on for years. Libya is the main transit point for refugees and migrants trying to reach Europe by sea. In each of the last three years, , people have made the dangerous crossing across the Mediterranean Sea from Libya. For four years in a row, 3, refugees have died while attempting the journey, according to figures from the International Organization for Migration IOM , the U.
The Libyan Coast Guard — supported with funds and resources from the E. With estimates of , to almost one million people now bottled up Libya, detention centers are overrun and there are mounting reports of robbery, rape, and murder among migrants, according to a September report by the U. According to CNN, the U. But Libya is largely considered a failed state. Since Muammar Gaddafi, who ran the country for four decades, was ousted in , the country has descended into civil war.
A transitional government failed to implement rule of law in the country, which has splintered into several factions of militias, tribes, and gangs. In lawless Libya, many see the slave trade and smuggling as a lucrative industry.
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November 22, The authenticity of the video could not independently be verified. Guterres said that he wanted Libyan authorities alongside the International Criminal Court, which has a mandate to open war crimes investigations in Libya, to look into the issue of slave auctions, according to UN spokesman Farhan Haq. The UN Security Council will discuss human trafficking during a special debate in New York on Wednesday which is expected to focus on the treatment of migrants in Libya.
Burkina Faso takes diplomatic measures. The Reuters news agency reported that Foreign Minister Alpha Barry announced the decision of President Roch Marc Christian Kabore at a news conference as follows:. President Kabore has also demanded information from Libya about the fate of some 30 Burkinabe migrants detained in the camps, Barry added. Further reactions across Africa. Agence France Presse reported that protesters also gathered outside the Libyan embassies in Paris and in several other African capital cities including Bamako, Mali and Conakry, Guinea over the weekend.
Protests are planned in Berlin and London later this week. Libyan Deputy Prime Minister Ahmed Metig meanwhile said in a statement that his UN-backed Government of National Accord would investigate the allegations. Many Libyans also took to social media and used the hashtag LibyansAgainstSlavery on Facebook and Twitter, expressing their horror and disapproval. The Dutch government is reassessing the cases of dozens of Ugandans who were granted asylum, ….
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Libya is a country located in North Africa that is currently home to over six million people. Though it was once a glorified point of transit for refugees and migrants to reach Europe, it has now become an extremely dangerous area that is to be avoided. With overrun detention centres and over-flooding reports of rape, murder, robbery, and abuse, it has become a horrific reality that the United Nations estimates , to one million migrants are victims of.
The trip to Libya is just as horrible and gruesome; the International Organization for Migration has reported that for four years in a row, over people have died on their journey. For the longest time, Libya had been viewed as a place to escape poverty and live a better life, but now, many individuals place themselves at risk of being victims of the Libyan slave trade without realizing it. Often, smugglers deceive migrants. Instead of leading them to a safe passage to Europe as initially promised, they trick them into becoming in debt to them or simply kidnap them.
From there, migrants become victims of slave markets where they are auctioned off, purchased, abused, and then murdered when they are no longer seen as useful. In , CNN released a video revealing what appeared to be men being auctioned off as slaves in Libya. It is believed that many end up working as labourers for global commercial production. The slave trade in Libya has been long and horrifying and appears to only be getting worse with time, as the International Organization for Migration has reported a growing number of slave markets across the route to Libya.
Currently, the UN-backed Libyan government has been investigating the allegations, but it has not been the most successful process. Ever since Muammar Gaddafi, who led the country for 40 years, was ousted, the country has been in a civil war. The government has failed to implement a rule of law leading to military, tribes, and gangs overrunning the lawless country.
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The issue was brought to light by a CNN film crew, who secretly filmed one of the auctions taking place in Libya just under two weeks ago. It is important to state — as a Libyan — that we wholeheartedly condemn the practice of slave trading, and that those who are proven to be involved should be brought to justice.
The CNN report was successful in drawing attention to the migration problem as a whole, which, rather than being just a Libyan concern, is a global one. Some European countries have been evading their international responsibilities and their commitment to international laws; and in doing so, are effectively leaving passing the buck to Libya. France and Italy know very well that the millions of impoverished and persecuted sub-Saharan Africans passing through the country begin their journey elsewhere.
Desperate to reach Europe, travelling via Libya often presents the nearest and most convenient root. French Foreign Minister Jean-Yves Le Drian has said that France will advocate for international sanctions against Libya if its justice system fails to act. Something the French minister did not explain, however, is which government in Libya he will advocate sanctions against? Is it the one in Tripoli, which he recognises above the table?
Or the one in the East, controlled by Haftar, which he deals with under the table? And what sanctions can be imposed successfully on a country that is already a failed state? The CNN story was not the first to raise concerns over the practice of enslaving African migrants in Libya.
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Countries That Still Have Slavery a tile for details. Slavery is a system in which principles of property law are applied to people, allowing individuals to own, buy, and sell other individuals as a form of property. Slaves are unable to withdraw from this arrangement and work with little to no pay. Hi everyone. Many people don’t want to face reality and the reality is that Somali citizens as well as other ethnic black groups are being auctioned off as slaves in Libya. This has been going on for quite some time and many people are unaware of what goes on in Libya. They’re being beat to a pulp and in some cases death is the end result.
Libya has become a lawless state in which fragmented armed groups kill and torture with impunity, the U. In a report to the Human Rights Council, the OHCHR said Libyans and migrants are still being detained in appalling conditions and sold in „open slave markets. The open sale of human slaves — migrants , refugees and Libyans—shocked the world when it came to light in But without a capable government in the country, the practice has continued unabated while media interest ebbed.
Assistant Secretary-General for Human Rights, reporting to the council in Geneva. The port city of Benghazi —where U. Ambassador to Libya John Christopher Stevens and diplomat Sean Smith were killed in —has become a center of extrajudicial killings. The main perpetrators of human rights violations are armed militias that „act with almost complete impunity,“ and some of the worst offenses take place in detention centers run by armed groups „including those with links to ministries,“ Gilmour explained.
European Union diplomat Carl Hallegard said that the bloc is „deeply concerned“ over the continued reports of slave markets, and that Libyan authorities should „investigate and hold persons responsible for those acts accountable. Libya’s rival governments emerged from the chaos and lawlessness of the Civil War. The United Nations-backed Government of National Accord GNA is led by Prime Minister Fayez al-Sarraj and based in the capital Tripoli , but has failed to enforce its authority on the war-torn nation.
The Libyan National Army LNA , led by General Khalifa Haftar, refuses to recognize the GNA, and continues to fight for control of Libya from its base in the eastern city of Tobruk.